March 16, 2009
We had another successful meeting at HacDC’s workshop on Saturday. We covered functional programming, walking through the concepts in the chapter from Programming Clojure and then putting them to work in translating a decision tree modeling program from Python to Clojure: watch for a separate announcement on how we will continue to work on that. We had an especially good time unraveling this bit of code…
(def head-fibo (lazy-cat [0 1] (map + head-fibo
…and understanding what’s less than optimal about it: that it keeps a reference to the head of a lazy sequence, and thus
(nth head-fibo x) fails for large values of
Next, we’ll tackle macros on April 4th, at 1PM, at HacDC’s workshop. The reading is Chapter 7 of Programming Clojure. We’ll be looking at simple implementations of
defmacro and reviewing different uses for macros. We may also tackle a bit of Paul’s proposed templating language, putting what we’ve learned to use. Hope to see you there!
February 22, 2009
The Study Group met on February 21st at 1PM at HacDC’s workshop to continue our discussion of concurrency.
We worked through Stuart Halloway’s snake program, taking note of the way he organized his program by separating the functions that dealt only with immutable data from the ones that dealt with changes in state. We noted his use of “update-” at the beginning of his names for the state-aware functions, and we agreed this was a pretty good convention for functions that were going to update the state of some refs, agents, or atoms. We also paid a fair amount of attention to his consistent use of destructuring as well as the syntax for the alter function. Finally, we looked at Halloway’s atom-snake, which actually stores the state of the entire snake game in an atom and updates it with
swap!, and in so doing creates a transaction-free version of the game. This precipitated a discussion of Software Transactional Memory, which allows copies of complex objects, such as the state of a snake game, to be made without duplicating data from original to copy.
Our next meeting is March 14th, at 1PM, at HacDC’s workshop in St. Stephen’s Church in Washington DC. Homework: chapters 5 and 7 (on Functional Programming and Macros) from Stuart Halloway’s Programming Clojure. We hope to see you there.
We’re also starting to consider our capstone project. Watch the Google group for discussions about the project.
February 17, 2009
We’ll be continuing our exploration of concurrency this Saturday at HacDC’s workshop at St. Stephen’s Church, in Northwest DC.
Be sure to check out chapter 6 of Stuart Halloway’s Programming Clojure. It’s the concurrency chapter, and it has some good new stuff in it, including a discussion of atoms and a Clojure snake game that Halloway walks you through fn by fn.
Come with ideas for hacking. I think it might be fun to alter the snake game so you can play against 1+ AI snakes, trying to get those apples. Collisions could eliminate players: think Tron and those light cycles.
Thanks to Serge and HacDC for providing a warm wi-fi-enabled meatspace where we can gather.
January 10, 2009
In the last few weeks, there’s been a fair amount of Clojure news and activity here in our study group. Here are some links to things we’ve been watching.
- A new language release. On December 17th, Rich “cut a new release” of the language. This should bring the offical release up to date enough for most people, although you’re still advised to check out the latest from Subversion, especially a few months go by without another official release
- Streams vs. sequences. A lively discussion about the right implementation(s) of laziness and the role of caching in Clojure’s sequences. There is a move afoot to add true streams to Clojure, although the ramifications of such an addition are uncertain.
- Compojure. Yes, Clojure has its own web framework now, and it looks pretty smart. Its syntax is inspired by Ruby’s Sinatra, it interfaces with Jetty, and it lets you write HTML in a vector-tree fashion that looks odd but probably saves the experienced user lots of keystrokes. Eric Levigne has written some posts about using Compojure to run a website.
- Paul’s article on
bean and Java interop. A nice tip on making it easier (and more Clojure-ish) to work with Java libraries.
- Luke’s Markov chain generator and Michael’s post about it. Luke wrote a cool program that generates an output text from the pieces of an input text and uses pattern analysis and probability to mimic the style of the input text. Your humble blogger responded with a post examining the workings of the program and suggesting ways to build on it. This could become a group project.
That isn’t everything that happened in Clojure lately, not by a long shot, so feel free to comment to ad your own observations. Also, consider joining our study group list (link in the column to the right) to contribute. You don’t have to be in DC or come to meetings–we’d love to hear from you.
January 10, 2009
We will still meet at St. Stephens, in northwest DC, just a week later than we’d initially planned: on the 31st at 1PM, a day before Paul Barry’s beloved Baltimore Ravens take the field in Superbowl 0x2B.
Concurrency is still on the agenda. Watch for an update to the Programming Clojure PDF soon: Stuart Halloway has pledged to try to get us a more complete Concurrency chapter with a discussion of atoms. Thanks, Stuart!
If the door is locked on the 31st, we’ll post a note with my cell phone number for you to call for entry. I hope to see you there.
January 5, 2009
Some of you have noticed that when combined, the latest versions of the set of tools for editing Clojure in Emacs aren’t playing well together. Life on the bleeding edge means occasional paper cuts. I don’t yet understand exactly how Emacs, SLIME, and swank are working together, but I have been able to follow some advice online to fix the troubles I was having.
When starting SLIME in Emacs, everything seemed to work–Emacs and SLIME appeared to be communicating over local ports–but then an error message popped up:
error in process filter: Symbol's function definition is void: slime-redirect-inferior-output
I use Bill Clementson’s emacs setup, which he described on his blog. It turns out Clementson was already aware of the problem, which he describes in a thread on the Clojure mailing list. In a nutshell, swank-clojure has been updated and is a bit out of whack with the other edting tools. A patch has been applied, and if you checkout the latest tools, you’ll now get the patched version. You must then make a minor change to your
.emacs file (
Preferences.el for me and my Aquamacs setup):
And then restart emacs. Works like a charm now. Thank you, Clojure community!
January 5, 2009
** Update: Meeting is rescheduled to Saturday, January 31st, 1PM, at St. Stephens Church. **
Thanks again, everyone, for a great meeting on the 3rd of January. Our next meeting will take place on Saturday the 24th at 1PM in the same location as last time, St. Stephen’s Church at 1525 Newton St NW. We’ll be discussing concurrency.
Your homework for the meeting is the Concurrency chapter in Programming Clojure. Give yourself plenty of time for this text: unless you are familiar with concurrency already, you will probably find this chapter challenging. Concurrency is what Clojure is all about, though, so press on!
Also, please think about little projects or exercises we could undertake in small groups to try out what we’ve learned. Last time we considered card games and exercises from other Lispy textbooks before tackling the Swing app. These might be good ideas again. What kind of concurrent situations come up in software or in real life?
If you haven’t joined us yet or would like to, feel free! We’re still in our tutorial/mentoring
phase, and the environment is welcoming and helpful to novices. If you’re already experienced with Clojure or similar technologies, we’d love to have you join us too.
See you on the 24th.